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JAMB Government Syllabus 2024/2025: Topics & Focus Areas

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JAMB Government Syllabus 2024/2025: Is JAMB Syllabus for Government out for this year’s JAMB?, When will JAMB Government syllabus be out?, JAMB Government Syllabus 2024, What topics do JAMB set questions from Government the most in JAMB?, what is the most repeated topic in JAMB Government?, download JAMB Syllabus for Govt pdf.

Welcome SAVANT! to another exciting episode of my “JAMB Doctor Series“, in this episode I will provide you with the official topics recognize by JAMB, which JAMB expect you are a guru in before entering the hall to sit for your JAMB Government Exam. STAY TUNED!

Jamb Recommended Government Textbooks

Have you ever wondered where you can find the topics for Government JAMB normally asks or the most repeated topics or question in JAMB Government? then you are a step away from finding your answer.

The short answer to the above question is “JAMB Syllabus”, in fact, JAMB Syllabus is the only expo you will be getting as you prepare for 2024/2025 UTME Exams, this syllabus contains area of concentrations and topics your questions will be asked from.

Read Also: WAEC Marking Scheme For All subjects: Grading System 2024/2025

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Any smart students would cherish this piece (Syllabus) and make effective use of it, the fact that you are searching for this now, simply means you are in the right direction. you should see my top notch guide on How To Pass JAMB 2024/2024 With High Score (300+) here.

For the sake of students who do not fully understand what JAMB syllabus is, I will give a brief explanation about this and then provide you with the relevant topics and area of concentration as provided in JAMB Government Syllabus, I will also make the pdf available for download at the end of this write up… Enjoy!

What Is JAMB Government Syllabus?

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JAMB Syllabus for Government is a collection of topics JAMB expects students to be well grounded in before they sit for their Government exam. If Govt is one of the subjects you will sit for in JAMB, then you need this syllabus.

This syllabus were actually compiled by JAMB, so it is something you can rely on.

The aim of the Unified Tertiary Examination Board Syllabus in Government is to guide candidates in their preparation for the Board’s exam.

Advantages of Using JAMB Syllabus For Government To Prepare?

Of course using JAMB syllabus to prepare for Government in JAMB has its perks, some of these advantages includes…

  • Expose you to topics you never taught were important
  • You begin to see how JAMB thinks, and also expose you to what you should expects in different topics
  • On the syllabus is also contained recommended textbooks, using JAMB recommended textbooks is key

With these I hope you will grab the opportunity of making good use of JAMB Government Syllabus I will be providing you with shortly…

Read Also: JAMB Profile 2024/2025: How To Create & Access It (All To Know)

JAMB Government Syllabus

Jamb government Syllabus
JAMB government Syllabus

JAMB Government syllabus is designed to evaluate your ability to:

  1. appreciate the meaning of government;
  2. analyse the framework and specify the institutions of government;
  3. appreciate the basic principles of democratic governance and their application in Nigeria;
  4. explain the concept of citizenship and define the duties and obligations of a citizen;
  5. appreciate the process of political development in Nigeria;
  6. evaluate the political development and problems of governance in Nigeria;
  7. understand the determinants and dynamics of foreign policy as it relates to Nigeria;
  8. assess the role of Nigeria as a member of the international community and the workings of international organizations.

Download your copy of the syllabus here?

Below is a detailed list of JAMB Government syllabus/Content

Part 1: Elements Of Government

1. Basic Concepts in Government


  1. Power, Authority, Legitimacy, Sovereignty;
  2. Society, State, Nation, Nation-State;
  3. Political Processes; Political Socialization, Political Participation, Political Culture.
Study Objectives:

You should be able to:

  • identify the fundamental concepts in governance;
  • analyse various political processes;

2. Forms of Government:


  1. Monarchy, Aristocracy, Oligarchy, Autocracy, Republicanism, Democracy definitions, features, merits and demerits.
Study Objectives:

You should be able to:

  • distinguish between different forms of government.

3. Arms of Government:


  1. The Legislature – types, structure, functions, powers;
  2. The Executive – types, functions, powers;
  3. The Judiciary – functions, powers, components.
  4. Their relationships
Study Objectives:

You should be able to:

  • identify the duties and obligations of the various arms of government and their agencies;
  • relate each arm to its functions;
  • appreciate how these arms interrelates.

4. Structures of Governance:


  1. Unitary – features, reasons for adoption, merits and demerits
  2. Federal – features, reasons for adoption, merits and demerits
  3. Confederal – features, reasons for adoption, merits and demerits.
Study Objectives:

You should be able to:

  • compare the various political structures of governance.

5. Systems of Governance:


  1. Presidential, Parliamentary and Monarchical.
Study Objectives:

You should be able to:

  • distinguish between the different systems of governance.

6. Political Ideologies:


  1. Communalism, Feudalism, Capitalism, Socialism, Communism, Totalitarianism, Fascism, Nazism.
Study Objectives:

You should be able to:

  • differentiate between the major political ideologies;
  • contrast modes of production

7. Constitution:


  1. Meaning, Sources, Functions, Types – Written, Unwritten, Rigid and Flexible.
Study Objectives:

You should be able to:

  • Define and identify sources and functions of constitutions;
  • compare the nature of constitutions.

8. Principles of Democratic Government:


  1. Ethics and Accountability in Public Office, Separation of Power, Checks and Balances, Individual and Collective Responsibility, Constitutionalism, Rule of Law, Representative Government.
Study objectives:

You should be able to:

  • identify the principles of democratic government;
  • determine the application of these principles;

9. Processes of Legislation:


  1. Legislative Enactments – acts, edicts, bye-laws, delegated legislation, decrees.
Study Objectives:

You should be able to:

  • analyse the processes involved in the making of laws.

10. Citizenship:


  1. Meaning, types;
  2. Citizenship rights;
  3. Dual citizenship, renunciation, deprivation;
  4. Duties and obligations of citizens;
  5. Duties and obligations of the state.
Study Objectives:

You should be able to:

  • differentiate between the various methods of acquiring citizenship;
  • specify the rights and responsibilities of a citizen;
  • assess the obligations of the state.

11. The Electoral Process:


  1. Suffrage – evolution, types;
  2. Election – types, ingredients of free and fair election;
  3. Electoral System – types, advantages and disadvantages of each;
  4. Electoral Commission – functions, problems.
Study Objectives:

You should be able to:

  • distinguish the different types of franchise
  • identify and explain the types of electoral systems
  • analyse the various electoral processes.

12. Political Parties and Party Systems:


  1. Political parties – Definition, Organization, functions.
  2. Party Systems – Definition, organization, functions.
Study Objectives:

You should be able to:

  • assess the role of political parties;
  • distinguish between types of party systems.

13. Pressure Groups:


  1. Definition, types, functions and modes of operation.
  2. Differences between Pressure Groups and Political Parties.
Study Objectives:

you should be able to:

  • evaluate the functions and the modus operandi of pressure groups;
  • distinguish between pressure groups and political parties.

14. Public Opinion:


  1. Meaning, formation and measurement.
  2. Functions and limitations.
Study Objectives:

You should be able to:

  • compare methods of assessing public opinion;
  • assess the functions of public opinion;
  • analyse the limitations of public opinion.

15. The Civil Service:


  1. Definition, characteristics, functions, structure, control and problems.
Study Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • analyse the significance of civil service in governance.

Part 2: Political Development In Nigeria

1. Pre – colonial Polities:


  1. Pre-jihad Hausa, Emirate, Tiv, Igbo, Yoruba
    • a. Their structural organization;
    • b. The functions of their various political institutions.
Study Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • appreciate the effectiveness of the pre-colonial political systems;
  • compare pre-colonial systems of governance.

2. Imperialist Penetration:


  1. The British process of acquisition – trade, missionary activities, company rule, crown colony, protectorate;
  2. The British colonial administrative policy – direct and indirect rule;
  3. The French colonial administrative policy – assimilation and association;
  4. Impact of British colonial rule- economic, political, socio-cultural;
  5. Comparison of British and French colonial administration.
Study Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • trace the processes of imperialist penetration;
  • assess the impact of British and French policies;
  • distinguish between British and French colonial practices.

3. Process of Decolonization:


  1. Nationalism – Meaning, Types;
  2. Nationalist Movements – emergence, goals, strategies;
  3. Nationalist Leaders – Herbert Macaulay, Nnamdi Azikiwe, Obafemi Awolowo, Ahmadu Bello, Ladipo Solanke, Aminu Kano, J. S. Tarka, Tafawa Balewa and others;
  4. Emergence of nationalist parties;
  5. Influence of external factors.
Study Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • evaluate the process of decolonization;
  • assess the roles of nationalist leaders and parties;
  • assess the impact of external forces and ideas (Pan-Africanism, Back-to-Africa Movements, Second World War etc).

4. Constitutional Development in Nigeria:


  1. Hugh Clifford Constitution (1922)
  2. Arthur Richards Constitution (1946)
  3. John Macpherson Constitution (1951)
  4. Oliver Lyttleton Constitution (1954)
  5. Independence Constitution (1960)
    • Their features, merits and demerits.
Study Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • compare the various constitutional developments.

5. Post – Independence Constitutions:


  • 1963, 1979, 1989 and 1999 – characteristics and shortcomings.
Study Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • assess the workings of the various constitutions.

6. Institutions of Government in the Post – Independence Nigeria:


  1. The Legislative – structure, functions and working.
  2. The Executive – structure, functions and workings.
  3. The Judiciary – structure, functions and workings.
Study Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • evaluate the operations of the arms of government and their agencies, e.g the civil service, armed forces, police, courts and others.

7. Public Commissions Established by the 1979 and Subsequent Constitutions:


  1. The Civil Service Commission, the Public Complaints Commission, Electoral Commissions, National Boundary Commission and others – objectives functions and problems.
Study Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • evaluate the operations of public commissions;
  • assess the problems of the Public Commissions and their constraints.

8. Political Parties and Party Politics in Post-Independence Nigeria:


  1. First Republic
  2. Second Republic
  3. Third Republic
  4. Fourth Republic – Evolution, membership spread, structure etc.
Study Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • contrast political processes in the republics;
  • evaluate the ideologies, structure and composition of the political parties.

9. The Structure and Workings of Nigerian Federalism:


  1. Rationale for a Federal System;
  2. Tiers of government and their relationship;
  3. Creation of States – 1963, 1967, 1976, 1987, 1991, 1996;
  4. Problems of Nigerian Federalism – census, revenue allocation, conflicts etc. solutions e.g. Federal character, etc.
Study Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • examine the workings of Nigerian federalism;
  • identify its problems;
  • evaluate the corrective measure adopted.

10. Public Corporations and Parastatals:


  1. Definition, types, purpose and functions;
  2. Finance, control and problems;
  3. Deregulation, privatization, commercialization – objectives, features, merits and demerits;
  4. Comparison between public corporations and parastatals.
Study Objectives:

You should be able to:

  • examine the operations of public corporations and parastatals;
  • identify the processes involved in privatization and commercialization;
  • assess the economic importance of privatization and commercialization.

11. Local Government:


  1. Local government administration prior to 1976;
  2. Features of local government reforms (1976, 1989) – structure, functions, finance and inter-governmental relations;
  3. Traditional rulers and local governments;
  4. Problems of local government administration in Nigeria.
Study Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • trace the evolution and structure of local government;
  • identify the major problems faced by local governments.

12. The Military in Nigerian Politics:


  1. Factors that led to military intervention;
  2. Structure of military regimes;
  3. Impact of military rule – political, e.g creation of states, introduction of unitary system (Unification Decree NO. 34) etc. economic, e.g SAP, etc.
  4. Processes of military disengagement.
Study Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • evaluate the reasons given for military intervention;
  • assess the achievements of military rule;
  • determine the conditions that necessitated withdrawal from governance.

Part 3: Foreign Policy & Nigeria’s relations With The International Community

1. Foreign Policy:


  1. Definition, purpose, determining factors; formulation and implementation.
Study Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • Define foreign policy, identify and explain its determinants

2. Nigeria’s Foreign Policy:


  1. Relations with major powers;
  2. Relations with developing countries, e.g the Technical Aid Corps (TAC), etc.
  3. Nigeria’s Non-Alignment Policy.
Study Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • identify the major objectives of Nigeria’s foreign policy.
  • analyse Nigeria’s non-aligned posture.

3. Relations with African Countries:


  1. Africa as the “centre piece” of Nigeria’s forieign policy – guiding principles, implementation and implications;
  2. NEPAD – origin, objectives and implications.
Study Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • evaluate the role of Nigeria in continental affairs;
  • assess the role of NEPAD in developing Africa.

4. Nigeria in International Organizations


  1. The United Nations;
  2. The Commonwealth;
  3. The Organization of African Unity;
  4. The African Union;
  5. The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS);
  6. The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).
Study Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • analyse the dynamics of Nigeria’s involvement in international organizations;
  • assess their contribution to the development of Nigeria.

Part 4: International Organizations:

1. International Organizations:


  1. ECOWAS;
  2. OAU, AU;
  3. Commonwealth;
  4. OPEC;
  5. UNO;
  6. African Petroleum Producers Association;
    • – Origin, objectives, structure, functions, achievements, problems and prospects of these organizations.
Study Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • evaluate the operations of these international organizations;
  • assess the role of these organizations in world affairs;
  • appreciate the challenges of these organizations and how they can be overcome.

Frequently Asked Questions

Number of Questions JAMB Set In Government

The total number of questions JAMB asked in Government is 40, with each question carrying 2.5 marks.

This means if after answering Government, you were able to answer 30 questions correctly in JAMB you have been able to secure 75 marks for yourself.

To make sure your reading is inline with what your should know, JAMB has prepared a list of textbooks that will help you achieve that purpose, you can find the complete list of JAMB recommended Government Textbooks here.

Is JAMB Government Syllabus Out?

Yes, JAMB syllabus for Government is out and can be accessed here on DrugSavant or on JAMB IBASS.

In Conclusion

It is advisable you go through these topics listed here, as they would help you have a more directed preparation and reading for JAMB Government.

This will be all for now, I understand you may have a question or two to ask, feel free to drop them using the comment box below!

Ensure to share this with friends on FacebookWhatsapp, or any other social media network you can connect them with…

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